by Yorick of Yew
This volume, and others in the series, are sponsored by
donations from Lord Blackthorn, ever a supporter of understanding the other sentient races
of Britannia. -
The Orcish tongue may fall unpleasingly 'pon the ear, yet it has within it a complex
grammar oft misunderstood by those who merely hear the few broken words of English our
orcish brothers manage without education.
These are the basic rules of orcish:
Orcish has five tenses: present, past, future imperfect, present interjectional, and
Examples: gugroflu, gugrofloog, gugrobo, gugrolu!, gugrogug.
All transitive verbs in the prehensile tense end it "ug."
Examples: urgleighug, biggugdaghgug, curdakalmug.
All present interjectional conjugations start with the letter G unless the(y) contain
the third declensive accent of the letter U.
Examples: ghothudunglug, but n azhbuugub.
The past tense can only refer to events since the last meal, but the prehensile tense
can refer to any event within reach.
The present tense is conjugated like the future imperfect tense, when the interrogative
mode is used by pitching the sound a quarter-tone higher.
Orcish hath no concept of person, as in first person, third person, I, we, etc.
Orcish grammar relies upon the three cardinal rules of accretion, prefixing, and
agglutination, in addition to pitch. In the former, phonemes combine into larger words
which may contain full phrasal significance. In the second, prefixing specific phonetic
sounds changes the subject of the sentence into object, interrogative, addressed
individual, or dinner.
Agglutination occurs whenever four of the same letter are present in a word, in which
case, any two of them may be removed or slurred.
Pitch changes the phoneme value of individual syllables, thus completely altering what
a word may mean. The classic example if "Aktgluthugrot bigglogubuu dargilgaglug
lublublub(") which can mean "You are such a pretty girl," "My
mother ate your primroses," or "Jellyfish nose paints alms potato,"
depending on pitch.
Orcish poetry often relies upon repeating the same phrase in multiple pitches, eve(n)
changing pitch midword. None of this great are is translatable.
The orcish language uses the following vowels: ab, ad,
ag, akt, at, augh, auh, azh, e,
i, o, oo, u, uu. The vowel sound a is not
recognized as a vowel and does not exist in their alphabet. The orcish alphabet i(s) best
learned using th(e) classic rhyme repeated at 23 different pitchs:
Lugnog ghu blat suggaroglug. Gaghbuu dakdar ab highugbo,
Gothnogbuim ad gilgubbugbuilug Bilgeaugh thurggulg stuiggro!
A translation of the first pitch:
Eat food, the first letter is ab,
Kill people, the next lette(r) is ad,
I forget the rest But augh is in there somewhere!
What follows is a complete phonetic library of the orcish language: ab,
ad, ag, akt, alm, at, augh, auh, azh, ba, ba, bag, bar, baz, bid, bilge, bo, bog, bog,
brui, bu, buad, bug, bug, buil, buim, bum, buo, buor, buu, ca, car, clog, cro, cuk, cur,
da, dagh, dagh, dak, dar, deak, der, dil, dit, dor, dre, dri, dru, du, dud, duf, dug, dug,
duh, dun, eag, eg, egg, eichel, ek, ep, ewk, faugh, fid, flu, fog, foo, foz, fruk, fu,
fub, fud, fun, fup, fur, gaa, gag, gagh, gan, gar, gh, gha, ghat, ghed, ghid, gho, ghu,
gig, gil, gka, glu, glu, glug, gna, gno, gnu, gol, gom, goth, grunt, grut, gu, gub, gub,
gug, gug, gugh, guk, guk,
(Transcriber's Note: The remainder of the orcish language is not
present in this tome. To find the remainder, please read "Phonemes of the Orcish
Tongue," also by Yorick o' Yew.)