- Totalitarian monarchy
Leadership is passed down from generation to generation. The
first-born son or daughter of the ruler becomes the new king or queen when the
old ruler deceases. The king or queen has the exclusive right to rule the
kingdom as he or she sees fit. This was the most common governmental system in
old Sosaria, with many different kingdoms quarreling over land.
- Monarchic republic
As in the totalitarian monarchy, leadership is passed down from generation to generation. The first-born son or daughter of the ruler becomes the new king or queen when the old ruler deceases. In the monarchic republic, the king or queen appoints a council comprised of elected representatives of all major organized elements of the governed areas (cities, institutions and guilds). Political issues are debated in the council until a solution can be found, to which all council representatives or a vast majority express consent. If an agreement proves to be unreachable, the power of veto lies with the king or queen. It is a hybrid between the totalitarian monarchy and appointed council models.
- Open council
The only non-representative and also the most fragile type of democracy is the open council model. The council basically encompasses the entire population of the area it governs. The council may elect a leader or mayor, although this is optional. Council meetings are open, meaning that all locallers are allowed to freely attend and express their opinions, and the mayor or leader does not have veto right over the council.
- Elected council
The elected council model is a basic form of representative democracy. The population has elected several representatives into a limited size council in a public election. This council may in turn elect an internal leader or mayor, although this is optional. The leader does not have veto right over the council. Council meetings are closed.
- Appointed council
The most representative form of democracy, much resembling modern representative democracy. The population has elected one mayor or leader to govern the city or local area in a public election. This leader has in turn appointed a council, and is usually personally part of this council. The leader may or may not have veto right over the council. Council meetings are closed.
In the dictatorship one totalitarian ruler who has ascended to power against the general will of the population with the use of force has veto right over all the rest of the population. After the ascent to power, the dictator uses force to defend his or her position and often changes the structure of the society to make this easier, even when the public opinion fails.
In the elitocracy the strongest, most wealthy or otherwise most powerful rule naturally, without elections, and the general population subdue themselves willingly, because of traditions or other reasons. In orcish societies, for example, the strongest orc is considered the natural leader, so beating the current clan warlord in a fair duel is the way to ascend to power. Rather than being elected to power, or inheriting it, in the elitocracy the ruler or rulers have claimed their position through strength, wealth or power.
In the theocracy it is believed that the ruler is a divine entity and naturally superior to the normal population, and thus naturally suited to rule. In some societies, the rulership in the theocratic system is passed down from generation to generation, but other models exist.
Often confused by the common people with the theocratic system, in the magocratic system the power lies with the individual or a group of individuals with supreme magical abilities and is thus a special form of elitocracy. Usually the ruler or rulers in magocratic societies are quite aged and experienced, which sadly enough does not guarantee that they are fair.
In the militocracy, the power to rule and govern lies with the military organ. Usually the highest-ranking members of the local militia constitute the governing council.
Anarchy is the complete lack of a government. There is no leader and no laws and there is no concern for the society as a whole.